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Exotic Vector-borne Diseases

The following diseases are very rare in Georgia, but are reported occasionally in people who have lived or traveled internationally. A specific vector is necessary for these diseases to be transmitted, and usually this vector is only found outside of the United States. In some cases, the vector is present in Georgia, but the parasite/virus is not. The risk of these exotic vector-borne diseases becoming endemic in Georgia is very low.

Information for the Public

  • Chagas Disease FAQ - Chagas disease is an insect-transmitted parasitic disease common in South and Central America. 
     
  • Leishmaniasis FAQ - Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease spread by the bite of the sandfly  
     
  • Japanese Encephalitis FAQ - Japanese encephalitis is a potentially severe viral disease that is spread by infected mosquitoes in the agricultural regions of Asia.
     
  • Dengue FAQ - Dengue fever is caused by several related viruses (four different arboviruses). It is transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes, most commonly Aedes aegypti, found in tropic and subtropic regions. This includes portions of Southeast Asia, the Indonesian archipelago into northeastern Australia, parts of sub-Saharan Africa, and parts of South and Central America.  
     
  • Malaria - Malaria is caused by a parasite that is transmitted from one human to another by the bite of infected Anophelesmosquitoes.

Case Report Forms