Salmonella (including Typhoid fever)
Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection that generally affects the intestinal tract and occasionally the bloodstream. It is one of the more common causes of gastroenteritis with more than 1500 cases occurring in Georgia each year. Most cases occur in the summer and early fall months and are seen as single cases, clusters, or outbreaks.
Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection of the intestinal tract and the bloodstream. It is an uncommon disease with usually 10 or fewer cases occurring in Georgia each year. Most cases are acquired during foreign travel. The germ that causes typhoid is a unique human strain of salmonella called Salmonella Typhi. Outbreaks are rare. A similar illness, paratyphoid fever, is caused by Salmonella Paratyphi, and requires the same type of public health interventions as typhoid fever.