Varicella

Chickenpox (Varicella) is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV). It causes a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever. Chickenpox can be serious, especially in babies, pregnant women, adults, and people with weakened immune systems. It spreads easily from infected people to others who have never had chickenpox or received the chickenpox vaccine. Chickenpox spreads in the air through coughing or sneezing. It can also be spread by touching or breathing in the virus particles that come from chickenpox blisters. Direct contact with a shingles rash (touching) can also cause chickenpox, refer to the CDC webpage on shingles for more information.

The best way to prevent chickenpox is to get the chickenpox vaccine. Before the vaccine, about 4 million people would get chickenpox each year in the United States. About 10,600 of these people were hospitalized and approximately 100 to 150 died each year as a result of chickenpox.

Explore the links below to learn more about chickenpox in Georgia:

 

Chickenpox Basics

General information about chickenpox including disease description, complications, treatment, and prevention.

  • About Chickenpox
    General information from the CDC about chickenpox, including transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Also includes photos and kid-friendly fact sheet.

Reporting

  • Reporting Chickenpox
    All individual cases of primary infection with chickenpox and breakthrough disease should be reported to the Georgia Department of Public Health. Find out more about what needs to be reported, who needs to report diseases, which forms to use and where to find out more about the disease.

Chickenpox Vaccine

The best way to prevent chickenpox is to be fully vaccinated on schedule. More information about chickenpox vaccines can be found below.

  • Chickenpox Vaccine Information Statement (VIS)
    CDC Vaccine Information Statement: includes a description of the disease, who should get the vaccine and when, who should not be vaccinated, and potential side effects. Visit here to find a copy of the Chickenpox VIS in a language other than English.

 

 Chickenpox Information for Health Professionals

Information on chickenpox for health professionals, including clinical features and epidemiology, how to report cases, vaccine information, and official recommendations.

Clinical Features and Epidemiology

  • Chickenpox Basics
    General information about chickenpox including disease description, complications, treatment and prevention.

Chickenpox Laboratory Testing

Reporting

  • Reporting Chickenpox
    All individual cases of primary infection with chickenpox and breakthrough disease should be reported to the Georgia Department of Public Health. Find out more about what needs to be reported, who needs to report diseases, which forms to use and where to find out more about the disease.

Resources

  •  Chickenpox Vaccine Information Statement (VIS)
    CDC Vaccine Information Statement: includes a description of the disease, who should get the vaccine and when, who should not be vaccinated, and potential side effects. Visit here to find a copy of the Chickenpox VIS in a language other than English.

 

Chickenpox Information for Schools and Childcare Facilities

Information on chickenpox for school health personnel and those in childcare settings.

 Chickenpox Case Investigations

Reporting

  • Reporting Chickenpox
    All individual cases of primary infection with chickenpox and breakthrough disease should be reported to the Georgia Department of Public Health. Find out more about what needs to be reported, who needs to report diseases, which forms to use and where to find out more about the disease.

Resources

 

Chickenpox Statistics

Statistics for chickenpox in Georgia  

2011

 

 

 

 


Page last updated 06/28/2016