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Measles

Measles, also called Rubeola, is a highly contagious viral disease. The disease is no longer common in the United States, however it is widespread in many parts of the world including Europe, Africa, and Asia.

Measles begins with a fever that lasts for a couple of days, followed by a cough, runny nose, and conjunctivitis (pink eye). These symptoms are followed by a maculopapular rash that begins at the hairline, moves to the face and upper neck and then down the body.  Infected people are usually contagious from about 4 days before their rash starts to 4 days afterwards.

Measles (Rubeola) Basics

General information about measles including disease description, complications, treatment and prevention.

  • Measles (Rubeola)
    Fact sheet with general information about measles, including symptoms, complications, tests, vaccination and treatment.
  • About Measles
    General information from the CDC about measles, including transmission, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Also includes photos and kid-friendly fact sheet.

Reporting

  • Reporting Measles
    All suspect cases of measles should be reported to the Georgia Department of Public Health immediately. Find out more about what needs to be reported, who needs to report diseases, which forms to use and where to find out more about the disease.
     
  • Measles Case Report Form

 

Vaccine Information

The best way to prevent measles is for all children to be fully vaccinated on time. There are two combination vaccines used to prevent measles: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine.

Measles Information for Health Professionals

Clinical Features and Epidemiology

  • Measles Basics
    General information about measles including disease description, complications, treatment and prevention.
  • Photos of Measles
    The CDC offers photos of measles and people affected by measles. Warning: graphic medical images. Attention: non-DPH link.

Measles Laboratory Testing

  • Measles Specimen Collection and Submission Guidelines
    Suspect cases of measles infection can be confirmed by serologic testing, culture, and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Maximum sensitivity and specificity are achieved when serologic tests, culture and PCR are performed.

Reporting

  • Reporting Measles
    All suspect cases of measles should be reported to the Georgia Department of Public Health immediately. Find out more about what needs to be reported, who needs to report diseases, which forms to use and where to find out more about the disease.
     
  • Measles Case Report Form

Vaccine Information

The best way to prevent measles is for all children to be fully vaccinated on time. There are two combination vaccines used to prevent measles: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine.

Post-exposure Prophylaxis

  • Post-exposure Prophylaxis for Exposed Persons
    Algorithm to determine appropriate post-exposure prophylaxis for exposed individuals.

Measles Information for Schools and Child Care

Information for reporting and handling measles case-patients and outbreaks for school health personnel and child care settings.

Reporting

  • Reporting Measles
    All suspect cases of measles should be reported to the Georgia Department of Public Health immediately. Find out more about what needs to be reported, who needs to report diseases, which forms to use and where to find out more about the disease.
     
  • Measles Case Report Form

 

Measles Statistics

Measles is currently a rare disease in Georgia and in the U.S.; however, measles continues to occur commonly in other parts of the world. Measles can be brought into Georgia by unvaccinated persons who travel to or from countries where measles is common, and who are infectious with measles after arriving in Georgia. Measles can spread easily to unvaccinated persons; therefore, maintaining high immunization rates is essential to preventing measles.

Number of measles cases reported to date in 2015 (preliminary): 0

 

Confirmed measles cases in Georgia, 2005-2014
Year         Cases (n)
2005 0
2006 0
2007 0
2008 1
2009 1
2010 1
2011 0
2012 2
2013 0
2014 0