Opioid & Substance Misuse Response

cdc naloxone overdose

Individuals & Families  |  Providers & Pharmacists  |  Law Enforcement & First Responders

For access to services and immediate crisis help, call the Georgia Crisis & Access Line (GCAL) at 1-800-715-4225, available 24/7.


Learn more about:

  • Preventing and Responding to an Overdose

    Preventing and Responding to an Overdose:

    • Drug overdose and overdose deaths are preventable through awareness, education, access to treatment, outbreak detection, and the use of naloxone.
    • How Can You Help?
      • Carry naloxone if you or someone you know is at risk. (See “Naloxone” link above for more information)
      • Visit the Georgia Crisis & Access Line (GCAL) at 1-800-715-4225, available 24/7, for access to services and immediate crisis help.
      • Increase awareness and educate others of the risks associated with drug use, signs of an overdose, and how to respond.

    Signs of an Overdose:

    • #1 sign of opioid overdose is unresponsiveness
    • Other signs include:
      • Awake, but unable to talk
      • Limp posture
      • Face is pale or clammy
      • Blue fingernails and lips
      • For lighter skinned people, the skin tone turns bluish purple; for darker skinned people, the skin tone turns grayish or ashen
      • Breathing is very slow and shallow, erratic or has stopped
      • Pulse is slow, erratic or not there at all
      • Choking sounds or a snore-like gurgling noise (sometimes called the “death-rattle”)

    Steps to take if you suspect a drug overdose:

    1. Call 911 immediately, report a drug overdose, and give the street address and location of the suspected overdose. If there are other persons available, send someone to wait for the ambulance and guide the emergency medical technicians to the individual. Georgia has a medical amnesty law that protects individuals who may be experiencing an overdose and callers seeking medical attention for alcohol and drug overdoses.
    2. Try to wake the individual by speaking loudly, pinching, or rubbing your knuckles vigorously up and down the sternum (the bony part in the middle of the chest.)
    3. Make sure the individual is breathing. If not, administer rescue breathing (mouth-to-mouth) if appropriate, by pinching the individual’s nose shut and blowing into the mouth. Lay the individual on their side after they have resumed breathing on their own.
    4. Administer Naloxone, if you have it and know how to use it.
    5. Stay with the individual until help arrives, and act quickly to administer rescue breathing if they stop breathing.
    6. Encourage the individual to cooperate with the ambulance crew.
  • Naloxone


    • Download this pdf file. Naloxone  is only a short-term treatment for an overdose. It is also essential to notify medical professionals as quickly as possible.
    • Naloxone blocks or reverses the effects of opioid medication, including extreme drowsiness, slowed breathing or loss of consciousness. Naloxone is used to treat a narcotic overdose emergency. It should be used until the patient can receive emergency medical care for an overdose.
    • There are two ways to obtain a naloxone rescue kit from a pharmacy in Georgia:
      1. Get a prescription from your prescriber and take it to a pharmacy that stocks naloxone.
      2. Go directly to a pharmacy and request a naloxone kit. A Download this pdf file.  standing order   for naloxone was issued to all pharmacies in Georgia on December 14, 2016, and a prescription for naloxone is not needed. 

    Learn how to Download this pdf file.  administer Naloxone  .

    Naloxone Fact Sheet: file:///C:/Users/dabilakovic/Downloads/naloxone_fact_sheet_1-16-20njn.pdf

    Additional Naloxone Resources:

  • Fentanyl


  • Harm Reduction
    • Harm reduction is an approach that emphasizes engaging directly with people who use drugs to prevent overdose and infectious disease transmission, improve the physical, mental, and social wellbeing of those served, and offer low-threshold options for accessing substance use disorder treatment and other health care services (SAMHSA).
    • Harm reduction approaches have been proven to prevent death, injury, disease, overdose, and substance misuse.
    • For more information on harm reduction visit: 

    Harm Reduction in Georgia:

    • DPH facilitates a Harm Reduction Work Group as a part of Georgia's Multi-Stakeholder Opioid and Substance Use Response Plan. This work group is made up of representatives from state, local and non-governmental organizations that coordinate direct action on corresponding plan objectives and strategies to address the opioid and drug overdose crisis.
    • For more information about the Harm Reduction Work Group, please email: [email protected].

    Harm Reduction Organizations serving Georgia*:

    * This list may not represent all available organizations and will be updated as more information is available. 




General Overview 

The nationwide opioid epidemic started in the 1990s with increased opioid prescribing and opioid overdose deaths. Heroin and other synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, led to further increases beginning in 2010 (CDC - Understanding the Epidemic).  From 2010 to 2020, the total number of opioid-related overdose deaths in Georgia increased by 207%. In October 2017, HHS declared the opioid crisis a national public health emergency. In 2020, 67% of drug overdose deaths in Georgia were related to opioids—1,309 total. Stimulant-related overdoses have also been increasing in Georgia; the number of stimulant-related overdose deaths rose 546% from 2010 to 2020. In 2020, 996 deaths involved stimulants, representing 51% of all overdose deaths (for further related data, visit Drug Surveillance Unit).

The Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) is working to combat the opioid epidemic through the following Programs:

  1. Opioid and Substance Misuse Response
  2. Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) 
  3. Drug Surveillance Unit 




Page last updated 11/7/2022