The Emerging Infections Program (EIP) is a collaborative project between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the United States Department of Agriculture, the Food and Drug Administration, and 10 U.S. sites, including the state of Georgia.
The Georgia Emerging Infections Program (GA-EIP) is a collaborative project with the Georgia Department of Health (DPH), Emory, and, CDC that conducts active surveillance and initiates research studies related to food-borne and invasive bacterial pathogens and other emerging infectious diseases.
Georgia became an EIP member in 1996 with activities in the 8 counties of metropolitan Atlanta. The GA-EIP was extended to cover the entire state of Georgia in 1999. All states with EIPs have two core active, laboratory-based surveillance systems: Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs) and FoodNet.
Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs)
ABCs is an active laboratory- and population-based surveillance system for invasive bacterial pathogens of public health importance. ABCs organisms include invasive Group A Streptococcus, Group B Streptococcus, and Streptococcus pneumoniae in the 20-county Atlanta Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), invasive MRSA in Health District 3, and invasive Haemophilus influenzae and Neisseria meningitidis statewide..
Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet)
FoodNet is the principal foodborne disease component of CDC's Emerging Infections Program and provides the data necessary for measuring the progress in foodborne disease prevention. FoodNet organisms under surveillance include Campylobacter, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, E. coli (O157& shiga toxin positive), Listeria, Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio, and Yersinia statewide.
EIP conducts active population-based surveillance for laboratory confirmed influenza-related hospitalizations. EIP sites also conduct influenza vaccine effectiveness evaluations among groups for which ACIP recommends annual vaccination.
Health Care Associated Infections (HAI)
Healthcare Associated Infections-Community Interface (HAIC) projects include: Active population-based surveillance for Clostridium difficile infection and other healthcare associated infections caused by pathogens such as MRSA, Candida, and multi-drug resistant gram-negative bacteria. Sites also utilize the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) to perform time-limited evaluations of HAIC data among NHSN facilities participating in the EIP NHSN network.