Tularemia is a zoonotic disease characterized by an acute febrile illness with various clinical manifestations depending on the route of infection. The bacteria that cause tularemia can be found naturally in rabbits, hares, voles, muskrats, beavers, and ticks. Human infection is by the bite of an infected tick or deer fly, direct contact with an infected animal, inhaling infectious aerosols, or ingestion (i.e. eating undercooked contaminated meat or drinking contaminated water). Tularemia infection is rare in Georgia, and occurs more frequently in the western and central states.

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Page last updated 12/21/2022