Hepatitis B is a contagious and sometimes persistent infection that can lead to lifelong liver disease (chronic). The primary mode of transmission for the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is through blood, semen, or other body fluids. Risk factors include sexual contact, sharing needles or syringes, and sharing personal items such as razors or glucose monitors with an infected person. The virus is not spread casually (holding or shaking hands, hugging, sneezing, or talking to an infected individual). Hepatitis B can also be transmitted from an infected mother to her baby at birth. HBV can survive outside the body for at least 7 days.
A vaccine is available to prevent hepatitis B.
Postexposure Prophylaxis Information:
Information for Healthcare Workers:
HBV Testing Algorithm for Healthcare Students and Staff
This resource from the Immunization Action Coalition (IAC) provides an algorithm to help providers, employers, and colleges properly manage healthcare workers and incoming healthcare students who did not receive post-vaccination testing after their hepatitis B vaccination series.
Hepatitis B and Healthcare Personnel: CDC answers frequently asked questions about how to protect healthcare personnel
This resource from the Immunization Action Coalition answers frequently asked questions about protecting healthcare personnel. Sections in the FAQ include: Hepatitis B Vaccination, Post-vaccination Anti-HBs Testing, Non-responders or HCP with Chronic HBV infection, and Post-exposure Management.
CDC Guidance for Evaluating Health-Care Personnel for Hepatitis B Virus Protection and for Administering Postexposure Management
Link to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report / Vol. 62 / No. 10 / December 20, 2013
Contact the Georgia Viral Hepatitis Program:
Georgia Department of Public Health
Epidemiology Program - Viral Hepatitis
2 Peachtree Street NW, 14thFloor
Atlanta, GA 30303
Phone: (404) 657-2588
Fax: (404) 657-2608
Page last updated December 1, 2020