Chlamydia

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with Chlamydia trachomatis. It can cause cervicitis in women and urethritis and proctitis in both men and women. Chlamydial infections in women can lead to serious consequences including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), tubal factor infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), another type of STD caused by different serovars of the same bacterium, occurs commonly in the developing world, and has more recently emerged as a cause of outbreaks of proctitis among men who have sex with men (MSM) worldwide.1,2

Chlamydia within the State of Georgia

In 2017, a total of 65,104 chlamydial infections were reported to the Georgia Department of Public Health which was an increased by 2,328 cases from 2016. Chlamydia is the most commonly reported notifiable disease in Georgia. When compared to other states in 2017, Georgia ranked 6th in the nation based the rate of infection.

Additional Information and Facts

CDC Fact Sheet on Chlamydia

Testing and Treatment

Chlamydia can be easily cured with antibiotics. HIV-positive persons with chlamydia should receive the same treatment as those who are HIV-negative.

Persons with chlamydia should abstain from sexual activity for 7 days after single dose antibiotics or until completion of a 7-day course of antibiotics, to prevent spreading the infection to partners. It is important to take all of the medication prescribed to cure chlamydia. Medication for chlamydia should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will cure the infection, it will not repair any permanent damage done by the disease. If a person’s symptoms continue for more than a few days after receiving treatment, he or she should return to a health care provider to be reevaluated.

Repeat infection with chlamydia is common.5 Women whose sex partners have not been appropriately treated are at high risk for re-infection. Having multiple chlamydial infections increases a woman’s risk of serious reproductive health complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy.6,7 Women and men with chlamydia should be retested about three months after treatment of an initial infection, regardless of whether they believe that their sex partners were successfully treated.4

Infants infected with chlamydia may develop ophthalmia neonatorum (conjunctivitis) and/or pneumonia.3 Chlamydial infection in infants can be treated with antibiotics.

Experiencing symptoms? Need treatment or have a question? 

Locate a testing center


 


Page last updated 12/12/2018


Content source: Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

1. O’Farrell N, Morison L, Moodley P, et al. Genital ulcers and concomitant complaints in men attending a sexually transmitted infections clinic: implications for sexually transmitted infections management. Sexually transmitted diseases 2008;35:545-9.

2. White JA. Manifestations and management of lymphogranuloma venereum. Current opinion in infectious diseases 2009;22:57-66.

3. Hammerschlag MR, Chandler JW, Alexander ER, English M, Koutsky L. Longitudinal studies on chlamydial infections in the first year of life. Pediatric infectious disease 1982;1:395-401.

4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2015. MMWR, 64(RR-3) (2015).

49. Hosenfeld CB, Workowski KA, Berman S, et al. Repeat infection with Chlamydia and gonorrhea among females: a systematic review of the literature. Sexually transmitted diseases 2009;36:478-89.

6. Hillis SD, Owens LM, Marchbanks PA, Amsterdam LF, Mac Kenzie WR. Recurrent chlamydial infections increase the risks of hospitalization for ectopic pregnancy and pelvic inflammatory disease. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 1997;176:103-7.

7. Bakken IJ, Skjeldestad FE, Lydersen S, Nordbo SA. Births and ectopic pregnancies in a large cohort of women tested for Chlamydia trachomatis. Sexually transmitted diseases 2007;34:739-43.

In 2017, a total of 65,104 chlamydial infections were reported to the Georgia Department of Public Health which was an increased by 2,328 cases from 2016. Chlamydia is the most commonly reported notifiable disease in Georgia. When compared to other states in 2017, Georgia ranked 6th in the nation based the rate of infection.